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1. 가능한 한 세부적으로 나눈 직독직해
2. 중요 Expression은 고딕체로 강조
3. Expression Test
4. Comprehension Test 해설이 필요하거나 궁금한 사항은 email@example.com로 문의(24시간 이내 답변
The history of the modern orchestra that we are familiar with today goes all the way today goes all the way back to an ancient Egypt. The first orchestras were made up of small groups of musicians that gathered for festivals, holidays or funerals. During the time of the Roman Empire, the government suppressed non-governmental musicians and informal ensembles were banned, but they reappeared after the Empire fell. It wasn't until the eleventh century that families of instruments started to appear with differences in tones and octaves.【신성찬 기자와 함께 TOEFL READING 즐기기】2018년 5월 6일
True modern orchestras started in the late sixteenth century when composers started writing music for instrumental groups, though the instruments used then are not the ones seen today. The seventeenth century showed a rise in stringed instruments such as violins cellos and violas, and they evolved into the heart of the modern orchestra. At this time, innovations occurred in instrument construction, music composition, and performance techniques.【신성찬 기자와 함께 TOEFL READING 즐기기】2018년 5월 8일
The next major development in orchestras came about due to Richard Wagner's need for music to accompany his musical dramas in the eighteenth century. His stage work called for unprecedented complexity and range of instrumentation, and most of these instruments, from the oboe to the clarinet, are still used today. He devised a larger role for the conductor in the direction of the musicians. Wagner's musica took a fresh look at the importance of tempo, dynamics the bowing of stringed instruments, and the role of principles in the orchestra. These innovations brought about a revolution in orchestral composition, which set the orchestral performance style for the following eighty years. 【신성찬 기자와 함께 TOEFL READING 즐기기】2018년 5월 31일
Orchestras today hold central positions of importance in most large cities and in cultural life. Modern orchestras have reached the point to which they can make use of a wide choice of instrumentation, and improvements are made as the opportunity comes along. By examining how orchestras evolved, we can gain a valuable insight into the development of music over the ages.
Orchestras today hold central positions of importance /in most large cities /and in cultural life.
오케스트라들은 오늘날 차지한다 중심적 위치들을 중요성의 /대부분의 큰 도시들 /그리고 문화생활에서
Modern orchestras have reached the point /to which they can make use of a wide choice of instrumentation, /and improvements are made /as the opportunity comes along.
현대의 오케스트들은 이르러 왔다 지점까지 /그들이 이용할 수 있다 넓은 선택을 악기 편성의, 그리고 발전들은 만들어진다 /기회가 따라오는 데로
By examining /how orchestras evolved, /we can gain a valuable insight into /the development of music /over the ages.
진단함으로써 /어떻게 오케스트라들이 진화했는지, /우리는 얻을 수 있다 가치 있는 통찰력을/ 발전에 대한 음악의 /시대에 걸친
1. Expression Test
▶make use of
2. Comprehension Test
▶What's the function of paragraph 4 as it relates to the rest of the passage?
(A) It shows the results of the evolution outlined in the preceding paragraphs.
(B) It describes and questions the evolution of music throughout the ages.
(C) It highlights how orchestras go about making their performances better.
(D) It indicates why orchestras are considered to be so important these days.
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